Hydropolitical Vulnerability and Resilience along International Waters

Africa (pdf) af

Africa is unique among the developing world-regions in that all major
rivers and freshwater lakes and aquifers on the continent are shared
by two or more countries, and each country in the continent shares
one or more freshwater bodies with its neighbours,
sometimes hostile neighbours. The diversity of political, social,
and economic structures and organizations among the African
countries, and the highly varied spatial and temporal precipitation
and distribution of water in the continent, make the hydropolitical
climate in Africa very complex and vulnerable.
(Klaus Toepfer, United Nations Under-Secretary General and
Executive Director, United Nations Environment Programme)

 

Asia (pdf)as

This report focuses on the challenges and opportunities facing Asia
—a continent with intensively utilized groundwater and surface water
resources. The transboundary basins show signs of resilience, but
also of vulnerability. In most instances it is politics and the lack of
institutional agreements that play a major role in causing these
vulnerabilities. At the regional and sub-regional level, there are
entities, often supported by the international community, working
to develop, manage, and share the multiple-use potential of shared
water resources. (Achim Steiner, United Nations Under-Secretary
General Executive Director, United Nations Environment Programme)

 

Europe (pdf)EU

This report focuses on the challenges and the opportunities
facing Europe a continent that enjoys relatively abundant
water resources However, while European citizens only utilize
around 20% of the available water supply, water is distributed
unevenly across the Continent and there is a wide range in
the average runoff across European basins. Meanwhile,
several basins in Central Europe, from the Seine to the Dnieper,
are showing lower runoff values, which may lead to rising
water stress as populations climb.(Achim Steiner, United
Nations Under-Secretary General Executive Director,
United Nations Environment Programme)

 

Latin America; in English (pdf), in Spanish (pdf)la

With only 15 percent of the world s total landmass, Latin America
and the Caribbean enjoy the distinction of being the region with
the greatest availability of freshwater resources. However, the
sustainable management of this rich resource is complicated by
several factors. Firstly, the distribution of the region s fresh water
is highly heterogeneous. Then there are the skyrocketing demands
imposed by a rapidly growing population of over 560 million
inhabitants. Third, agricultural activities account for nearly
three-quarters of all the water used in the region.
(Achim Steiner, United Nations Under-Secretary General
Executive Director, United Nations Environment Programme)

 

North America(pdf)na

This report focuses on the challenges and opportunities facing
North America, a continent with about 6.5% of its area covered
by surface freshwater. The rivers and basins are subject to
interstate and international agreements that ensure that all basin
countries get some portion of the water and that the rivers remain
navigable for commerce.
(Achim Steiner, United Nations Under-Secretary General
Executive Director, United Nations Environment Programme)

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