|BAR Scale (Water Event Intensity Scale)
||Formal Declaration of War
||Extensive War Acts causing deaths, dislocation
or high strategic cost: Use of nuclear weapons; full scale air, naval,
or land battles; invasion of territory; occupation of territory; massive bombing
of civilian areas; capturing of soldiers in battle; large scale bombing of
military installations; chemical or biological warfare.
||Small scale military acts: Limited air, sea,
or border skirmishes; border police acts; annexing territory already occupied;
seizing material of target country; imposing blockades; assassinating leaders
of target country; material support of subversive activities against target
||Political-military hostile actions: Inciting
riots or rebellions (training or financial aid for rebellions); encouraging
guerilla activities against target country; limited and sporadic terrorist
actions; kidnapping or torturing foreign citizens or prisoners of war; giving
sanctuary to terrorists; breaking diplomatic relations; attacking diplomats
or embassies; expelling military advisors; executing alleged spies; nationalizing
companies without compensation.
||Diplomatic-economic hostile actions: Increasing
troop mobilization; boycotts; imposing economic sanctions; hindering movement
on land, waterways, or in the air; embargoing goods; refusing mutual trade
rights; closing borders and blocking free communication; manipulating trade
or currency to cause economic problems; halting aid; granting sanctuary to
opposition leaders; mobilizing hostile demonstrations against target country;
refusing to support foreign military allies; recalling ambassador for emergency
consultations regarding target country; refusing visas to other nationals
or restricting movement in country; expelling or arresting nationals or press;
spying on foreign government officials; terminating major agreements.
Unilateral construction of water projects against another country's protests;
reducing flow of water to another country, abrogation of a water agreement.
||Strong verbal expressions displaying hostility
in interaction: Warning retaliation for acts; making threatening demands
and accusations; condemning strongly specific actions or policies; denouncing
leaders, system, or ideology; postponing heads of state visits; refusing participation
in meetings or summits; leveling strong propaganda attacks; denying support;
blocking or vetoing policy or proposals in the UN or other international bodies.
Official interactions only.
||Mild verbal expressions displaying discord in
interaction: Low key objection to policies or behavior; communicating
dissatisfaction through third party; failing to reach an agreement; refusing
protest note; denying accusations; objecting to explanation of goals, position,
etc.; requesting change in policy. Both unofficial and official, including
diplomatic notes of protest.
||Neutral or non-significant acts for the inter-nation
situation: Rhetorical policy statements; non-consequential news items;
non-governmental visitors; indifference statements; compensating for nationalized
enterprises or private property; no comment statements.
||Minor official exchanges, talks or policy expressions--mild
verbal support: Meeting of high officials; conferring on problems of mutual
interest; visit by lower officials for talks; issuing joint communiqués; appointing
ambassadors; announcing cease-fires; non-governmental exchanges; proposing
talks; public non-governmental support of regime; exchanging prisoners of
war; requesting support for policy; stating or explaining policy.
||Official verbal support of goals, values, or regime:
Official support of policy; raising legation to embassy; reaffirming friendship;
asking for help against third party; apologizing for unfavorable actions or
statements; allowing entry of press correspondents; thanking or asking for
aid; resuming broken diplomatic or other relations.
||Cultural or scientific agreement or support (non-strategic):
Starting diplomatic relations; establishing technological or scientific communication;
proposing or offering economic or military aid; recognizing government; visit
by head of state; opening borders; conducting or enacting friendship agreements;
conducting cultural or academic agreements or exchanges. Agreements to
set up cooperative working groups.
||Non-military economic, technological or industrial
agreement: Making economic loans, grants; agreeing to economic pacts;
giving industrial, cultural, or educational assistance; conducting trade agreements
or granting most favored nation status; establishing common transportation
or communication networks; selling industrial-technological surplus supplies;
providing technical expertise; ceasing economic restrictions; repaying debts;
selling non-military goods; giving disaster relief. Legal, cooperative
actions between nations that are not treaties; cooperative projects for watershed
management, irrigation, poverty-alleviation.
||Military economic or strategic support: Selling
nuclear power plants or materials; providing air, naval, or land facilities
for bases; giving technical or advisory military assistance; granting military
aid; sharing highly advanced technology; intervening with military support
at request of government; concluding military agreements; training military
personnel; joint programs and plans to initiate and pursue disarmament.
||International Freshwater Treaty; Major strategic
alliance (regional or international): Fighting a war jointly; establishing
a joint military command or alliance; conducting joint military maneuvers;
establishing economic common market; joining or organizing international alliances;
establishing joint program to raise the global quality of life.
||Voluntary unification into one nation: Merging
voluntarily into one nation (state); forming one nation with one legally binding
|For more information: See Basins
at Risk: Water Event Database Methodology